What is a herniated disc?
Think of the discs in your spine like jelly doughnuts. You have the doughnut making up the outside and jelly on the inside. If you were to begin squeezing a jelly doughnut hard enough the jelly eventually push its way out of the doughnut. A herniated disc is exactly the same process. The spinal disc herniates when the outer fibers rupture and the jelly is pushed out. This can create severe back pain since the jelly that makes up the center of the disc has chemicals in it that irritate nerves. While this is very painful it also protects you by stopping you in your tracks with a painful alarm.
What Causes herniated discs?
The most common way for a spinal disc to hernaite is from lifting and twisting from the low back. Some of the classic examples are shoveling, raking leaves, golf, football, wrestling, and power lifting. Some other causes are being overweight, sedentary lifestyle, frequent driving.
Who is most at risck for herniated discs?
People most at risk are men ages 30-50, being overweight, having a sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and smoking.